What is the rationale for the 2019 physical education syllabus?


The teaching and learning of Physical Education is based on principles from science, psychology, sociology and movement education. Physical education programme is an integral part of the total education of every child for holistic development and well-being, from kindergarten to Senior High school.

Quality physical education programmes are needed to increase the physical competence, health-related fitness, self-responsibility, stress management, recreation and enjoyment of physical activities for all learners including those with learning or physical disabilities, environmentally or culturally deprived and the gifted so that they can be physically active for life. They are also needed for an increase in productivity, reduction of national revenue on health, absenteeism, corruption, etc.

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However, Physical education programmes can only be beneficial to learners and society if they are well planned, implemented and managed.


The teaching and learning of physical education is based on constructivist and fitness models.

Teaching Philosophy

Physical education guides learners discover and develop knowledge, skills, attitude, values, fitness, health and social responsibility through interaction with the environment. Through the study of and the experience that learners are exposed to in Physical Education and Health, they will become honest, creative, critical thinkers and responsible citizens.

Learning Philosophy

Physical Education Curriculum focuses on building the character of the learners, guiding them using social constructivist approach so that they are able to create knowledge themselves, use such knowledge for the betterment of self and the society in which they live.

The Physical Education graduate must demonstrate values such as respect, appreciation of the diversity of Ghana’s societies, equity and fairness, commitment to excellence, teamwork and collaboration and truth and integrity.

General Aim

The curriculum is aimed to develop individuals who are literate, good problem solvers, have the ability to think creatively and have both the confidence and competence to participate fully in the Ghanaian society as responsible local and global citizens.

Subject Aims

The national standards-based physical education curriculum aims to ensure that all learners:

1. Lead healthy and active life-styles,
2. Develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities, athletics, games, and sports(career opportunities),
3. Angage in competitive athletics, games, sports and physical activities,
4. Become confident and responsible persons in all walks of life,
5. Develop mental, moral, social and spiritual capabilities,
6. Appreciate healthy competition in athletics, games and sports.
7. Acquire knowledge of the value of physical activity, and
8. Develop an appreciation for diversity

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